Who is the Founder of Bosch, Robert Bosch?
Robert August Bosch, German inventor, engineer and industrialist who lived between 1861-1942, is also the founder of Bosch (Robert Bosch GmbH), one of the world's leading engineering companies.
Making his name known to the whole world with his inventions, Bosch succeeded in attracting the attention of the masses with the social revolutions he made and the attention he paid to workers' rights.
Childhood and Youth Years
Robert Bosch was born on September 23, 1861, in a town in Ulm, Germany, as the eleventh child of a family of twelve children. His father, Servatius Bosch, ran the hotel called Gasthaus Krone and was a member of the Masonic sect. For this reason, the Bosch family, which is a member of a higher class compared to its region, gave great importance to education. Bosch attended a secondary school in Ulm that focused on the technical field between 1869-1876 and then worked on precision mechanics. After completing his training, he volunteered for one year in the Württemberg Vanguard Corps number 13. After a year, despite the advice of his bases, he decided not to advance in this field and to return to his profession. In the seven years following this decision, he had the chance to work with Siemens brothers in England and Thomas Edison in America.
Precision Mechanics and Electrotechnical Workshop
Returning to his country after working in many companies in different countries, Bosch started his work by establishing "Precision Mechanics and Electrotechnical Workshop" in Stuttgart in 1886. In 1887, he achieved his first financial success by making significant improvements to the magnetic ignition system patented by Deutz, one of the world's largest engine manufacturers. The system designed by Bosch could only be used to ignite fuel going to stationary gas engines. Arnold Zähringer, who worked at Bosch in 1897, was able to adapt this system to high-torque car engines and brought a sigh of relief to the young automotive industry, which was struggling with a lot of problems at that time. By 1902, Gottlob Honold, another successful Bosch engineer, invented the spark plug that operates under high voltage as part of the magnetic ignition system. This invention was an important turning point for internal combustion engines.
Transition from Motor Vehicles to Electronics
In the past years, the Bosch company continued to expand its market, and in 1913 they managed to operate on every continent. Taking important steps towards institutionalization in 1917, Bosch accelerated its growth thanks to the military agreements it made. At the beginning of the First World War, almost all military vehicles were equipped with Bosch made spark plugs. Of course, Bosch, who donated tens of millions of marks to the German people, who were in a difficult situation later, both demonstrated his patriotism and paid his debt of love arising from military agreements. After the war, Bosch continued to make new contributions to the engine and automotive industry. The biggest contribution of the company, which designed systems such as starter motors, radios, horns and interior lighting for cars, was to design and put into service the injectors that did the work of the spark plug in diesel engines in 1927. In the 1920s, when the Great Depression took its toll, Robert Bosch initiated a process of renewal and diversification for his company, which suffered from the crisis. Within a few years, the company has managed to transform itself from an auto parts developer and provider into a world-renowned electrical engineering firm.
“I am not paying well because I have a lot of money; on the contrary, I make a lot of money because I pay well
Renowned as the first industrialist to introduce Germany to the concepts of eight-hour shifts, fair wages and social assistance for workers in addition to his success in business life, Robert Bosch began to be known as the "Red Bosch" by a certain segment due to his employee-friendly reforms. Robert Bosch, who opened a hospital in addition to his donations to Germany, joined many economic committees as a liberal businessman and devoted most of his time to mediation efforts between Germany and France. Although he hoped that a ceasefire between these two countries would bring peace to all of Europe, it was not what he expected. Robert Bosch's mediation work ended with the establishment of the Nazi Government. Later, the Bosch company, under the pressure of this government, accepted the arms contracts and forced labor that were offered during the war.
Death and What He Left Behind
Robert Bosch, who married twice throughout his life and had four children from these marriages, died in Stuttgart in 1942 due to an ear infection he suffered. Today, the group of companies that bears its name continues to work faithfully to its founder's ideals with more than 300,000 employees. The Bosch company, which does not work in the field of weapon development again, continues to provide high standards for employees without discrimination of religion, nationality or race.