6 Factors That Lead to Bad Decisions
According to Erwin, there are some points to consider before making an important decision. Decision fatigue. Distractibility. Lack of Vision are a few of them.
Studies show that an ordinary person makes 2000 decisions a day. Many of these decisions are trivial and directed towards things we do automatically. "What shall I wear in the morning?" or "If I drink tea or coffee?" style things.
However, we have to make decisions on many issues that have important and serious consequences during the day. Making good decisions, especially in business life, will be the most useful habit a person can develop.
The decisions we make about our health, money, relationships and security have many visible consequences.
Mike Erwin, who worked as an officer in the US military and wrote the book "Lead Yourself First," has analyzed the obstacles to good decision making.
According to Erwin, there are some points to consider before making an important decision:
1. Decision fatigue
Even the most energetic person in the world does not have infinite mental energy. The more we work on mentally demanding jobs, the weaker our decision-making power will be. So we experience decision-making fatigue.
There is a famous study: It is more common for suspects who go to court in the evening to be released on bail the next morning.
(As the judge gets tired of making the right decision in the evening, he becomes unable to make a clear and correct decision.)
It is inevitable that mental fatigue will arise after a while, especially when making decisions on issues that have an impact on people.
To deal with this, it would be a very good strategy to prioritize the most important decisions and to make the most important decisions during the hours when the mind is at its most vigorous.
Let's admit that technological developments make life easier in many ways. However, we are under a never-ending rain of information and communication. Studies show that our brain processes 5 times more stimuli today than in 1986.
Of course, this means that the distractions are everywhere and it becomes difficult to focus.
To cope with this, it would be good to stay away from social media and technology for a while every day and focus on the work that needs to be done. So if you have a report to prepare, remove all distractions from your desk and hang up.
3. Lack of Vision
According to a study conducted at Columbia University business school, 3 people make 70% of the speech in an average meeting. Susan Cain, author of the book "Quiet," reveals that introverts don't speak when they don't know exactly what to say. Yes, these people can come up with great ideas when they speak, but they still find silence more important than words.
To overcome this situation, an e-mail can be sent to the participants 24 hours before the meeting to compile their ideas and thus everyone's decision is discussed at the meeting. After all, instead of passing between 3 people, everyone takes the floor and speaks their opinion. The most plausible idea is agreed upon.
4. Being busy with multiple jobs at the same time (multitasking)
Nowadays, there is no job that does not require "multitasking". Although being able to do more than one job at the same time is presented as a virtue, research shows that the decision-making mechanism of people who are engaged in more than one cognitive task at the same time is weakened by 40%.
Before making an important decision, do not deal with another business and concentrate only on that decision.
Excitement, disappointment, joy, sadness, enthusiasm, anger, joy… These are completely human feelings.
Studies show that good judgment is weakened in such moments of emotional intensity.
For example, sending an e-mail while angry often causes unexpected problems for the person.
It is also the case with making promises that cannot be kept while being cheerful.
Therefore, be aware of your mood and control yourself before making an important decision.
Avoid making sudden decisions when you are emotionally full. Spend this time waiting to calm down and your moods to stabilize. For example, do not answer the phone of people who call you when you get angry. When your nerves have calmed down, come back.
6. Information bombardment
We live in the information age and see an incredible amount of information being produced every day.
The more information we need to pay attention to, the longer our decision-making time.
They say, it is necessary to scrutinize it to make the right decisions. This is true. However, there is no need to be buried in data in order to make the right decision.
Compile the amount of information you need, and set a time for yourself to analyze this information and make a decision.
The decisions we make build our reality. How we spend our time and what kind of life we lead is directly related to the decisions we make. Of course, sometimes it is inevitable to make bad decisions, there is no escape. However, if you pay attention to the factors mentioned above while making a decision, you will see that you will make better and more useful decisions.